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Resources for Medical Students and Residents

Choosing a medical specialty is one of the most important decisions you will make as a medical student. As your medical school training progresses, start to think about the type of work you want to do and where you want to work. While there are many options to consider when determining your career path, a career in hematology can satisfy any interest and desired work setting.

Create a free ASH account to gain access to valuable resources that will be critical to your training and career development in classical or malignant hematology. No membership is required.

"Hematology is a dynamic field with exciting breakthroughs in diagnosis and treatment occurring on a regular basis. Clinical research interested me because I wanted a career that finds better ways to diagnose and treat blood diseases and, at the same time, be able to maintain direct patient contact."

Ginna Laport / MD, Stanford Medicine

Explore a Career in Hematology

Did you ever think that you could use zebrafish to help discover new treatments for cancer or create artificial red blood cells to combat the rising need for blood transfusions? How about performing a stem cell transplant to treat otherwise incurable genetic and autoimmune diseases?

You can do all of this and more as a hematologist.

Hematology is the study of blood, blood forming tissues and organs, and blood disorders. Hematologists research, diagnose, and treat various blood disorders, including anemia, blood clots, bleeding disorders, and blood cancers.

Because blood runs through every organ and tissue in the body, hematology has an enormous ripple effect extending to all fields of medicine. Modern advances made by hematologists have helped millions of people around the world, not only with blood disorders but also with heart disease, stroke, and scores of inherited diseases.

Find inspiration from prominent leaders in the field as they remember the moment that they decided to pursue hematology.

Hematology Education and Training

The educational path of a hematologist in the U.S. includes:

  • Four years of medical school
  • Three years of residency to train in a specialized area, such as internal medicine or pediatrics, and learn elements of patient care
  • Two to four years of fellowship for further training in a subspecialty, such as adult hematology, pediatric hematology/oncology, or pathology

View career planner

Career Options for Hematologists

As a hematologist, you will have various career options available. Depending on your interests, you may choose one of the following paths after completion of the fellowship:

  • Practice in a private, group, or hospital-based practice if you have a preference for patient care.
  • Apply for a position in academic medicine as a junior faculty member, assistant professor, instructor, or assistant/associate staff member if you have an interest in conducting research and/or medical education.
  • Work in the corporate sector, which may provide greater compensation than academia for basic or laboratory investigators. However, keep in mind that many corporations require three to five years of experience beyond the fellowship.
  • Seek another fellowship or employment at a government agency, such as the National Institutes of Health, Food and Drug Administration, or Centers for Disease Control.

Hematology Scholarship Opportunities

Each year, ASH awards more than $4 million in educational grants to benefit young scientists. Learn more about the various ASH awards available to medical students and residents:

Medical Student and Early Investigator Awards

Launch and grow your career in hematology through early research experience. Both short- and long-term opportunities are available.

Career-Enhancement Awards and Training Programs

Enhance your hematology knowledge, research, and expertise through awards and training opportunities for early- to mid-career hematologists.

Abstract Achievement Awards

Receive monetary support for your high-scoring abstract accepted for the ASH annual meeting.

Minority Recruitment Initiative

View awards designed to increase the participation of underrepresented minorities training in hematology-related fields.

Additional Resources


Read the latest from Hematopoiesis, an ASH newsletter created specifically for hematology trainees.

Explore the newsletter