Washington, DC, Principles for Free Access to Science
Washington, DC – As scholarly, not-for-profit publishers, we reaffirm our commitment to innovative and independent publishing practices and to promoting the wide dissemination of information in our journals. Not-for-profit scientific, technical, and medical publishers are an integral part of the broader scholarly communities supporting scientists, researchers, and clinicians. We work in partnership with scholarly communities to ensure that these communities are sustained and extended, science is advanced, research meets the highest standards, and patient care is enhanced with accurate and timely information.
We continue to support broad access to the scientific and medical literature through the following publishing principles and practices.
- As not-for-profit publishers, we see it as our mission to maintain and enhance the independence, rigor, trust, and visibility that have established scholarly journals as reliable filters of information emanating from clinical and laboratory research.
- As not-for-profit publishers, we reinvest all of the revenue from our journals in the direct support of science worldwide, including scholarships, scientific meetings, grants, educational outreach, advocacy for research funding, the free dissemination of information for the public, and improvements in scientific publishing.
- As not-for-profit publishers, we have introduced and will continue to support the following forms of free access:
- Selected important articles of interest are free online from the time of publication;
- The full text of our journals is freely available to everyone worldwide either immediately or within months of publication, depending on each publisher's business and publishing requirements;
- The content of our journals is available free to scientists working in many low-income nations;
- Articles are made available free online through reference linking between these journals;
- Our content is available for indexing by major search engines so that readers worldwide can easily locate information.
- We will continue to work to develop long-term preservation solutions for online journals to ensure the ongoing availability of the scientific literature.
- We will continue to work with authors, peer-reviewers, and editors for the development of robust online and electronic tools to improve efficiency of their important intellectual endeavors.
- We strongly support the principle that publication fees should not be borne solely by researchers and their funding institutions, because the ability to publish in scientific journals should be available equally to all scientists worldwide, no matter what their economic circumstances.
- As not-for-profit publishers, we believe that a free society allows for the co-existence of many publishing models, and we will continue to work closely with our publishing colleagues to set high standards for the scholarly publishing enterprise.
The following not-for-profit publishers endorse the above principles:
American Academy of Pediatrics
American Association for Cancer Research
American Association for Clinical Chemistry
American Cancer Society
American College of Chest Physicians
American College of Nutrition
American College of Physicians
American Dairy Science Association
American Roentgen Ray Society
American Society of Animal Science
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
American Society for Clinical Investigation
American Society for Clinical Nutrition
American Society for Microbiology
American Society for Nutritional Sciences
Company of Biologists Limited
European Molecular Biology Organisation
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Genetics Society of America
Radiological Society of North America
Royal College of Psychiatrists
Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Society for Leukocyte Biology
Society for the Study of Reproduction
|American Diabetes Association
American Physiological Society
American Psychiatric Publishing
American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
American Society of Hematology
American Society for Investigative Pathology
American Society of Clinical Oncology
American Society of Plant Biologists
Association for Molecular Pathology
Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Society of Nuclear Medicine
Society of Surgical Oncology
The American Society of Nephrology
The Botanical Society of America
The Endocrine Society
The Histochemical Society
The Physiological Society
The Rockefeller University Press
Harvey Whitney Books
Society of National Association Publications
Since 1995, more than 100 society and university not-for-profit publishers have been working with Stanford University's HighWire Press to transform traditional print journals into enduring and dynamic online journals. These publishers have invested millions of dollars in online technology for information presentation, distribution, and management; created unique and powerful online services for the education and convenience of scientists; initiated some of the largest and most influential experiments in online-only publishing; led the charge in making information free to people who cannot afford to pay for it; and developed state-of-the-art software to support authors, reviewers, and editors. By effectively harnessing new technologies, these not-for-profit society and university publishers have promoted the wider dissemination of scientific information as well as free and unfettered access to journal content for both the scientific community and the public. In so doing, these not-for-profit publishers have become leaders in the online revolution for scientific publishing.
Through these not-for-profit publishers, the scientific community and the public have easy online access to over 1.6 million articles of which more than 600,000 full-text articles are free. In addition, access is provided to the abstracts of more than 12.6 million articles in more than 4,500 Medline journals, as well as useful alerting and information management tools.
The experiments that have been conducted since 1995 and that are ongoing have only been possible because these not-for-profit publishers have been successfully adapting their proven business models to the online environment. As a result, these society and university press journals remain high impact and well-respected custodians of the scientific literature. Through numerous organizations that serve the entire scholarly publishing community, not-for-profit publishers have freely shared their ideas and innovations, with the common goal of improving the dissemination of vital scientific and medical information throughout the world.